Protecting Our Waterways & Saving Our Streambanks
by Lindsie Nicholas and David McGrade, Bluegrass Greensource
At this point in winter, a longing for spring and the outdoors is usually knocking. Greener pastures, trees blossoming, and streams flowing as winter melts away ushering in those spring rains. With the changing seasons comes changes to our streams and local waterbodies. Where does all that snowmelt and rainwater go, and how does it affect me? There are a couple sayings in the water community, “we all live in a watershed” and “we all live downstream,” but what do these mean and what are the implications?
A watershed is an area of land where the water that flows across or under drains to a common body of water. When we look towards most maps of the United States, we see our country divided by states. Looking at an individual state, it is then broken down further into counties and towns. We can think of our watersheds in the same way. A watershed can be a small portion of the county you live in, but when combining multiple watersheds, they can grow into multistate areas or larger, think the Mississippi River Basin. Recognizing these natural divisions of water, that ignore county lines, is important to maintaining the health of every person and animal that lives within them – “We all live in a watershed!”
Depending on where you live, your local watershed is most likely where you get your drinking water and includes the stream that runs right through your backyard or favorite park. Every drop of rain or snow that falls in your watershed will either be absorbed into the soil, or it will flow over the landscape to a local waterbody. As this water flows over land, it picks up pollutants like sediment, trash, nitrogen and phosphorus from excess fertilizers, bacteria in human waste from failing septic systems or sewer lines, pet and livestock waste, oils, grease, and chemicals from roads and parking lots before it reaches the water. These pollutants not only affect your local waterways, but can also affect drinking water sources miles downstream, or in the direction the stream water flows. The type and quantity of pollutants that reach our waterways affect local water quality in our watershed and beyond – “We all live downstream!”
Protecting our waterways allows us to enjoy the multiple benefits that are associated with its protection, including a clean drinking water source and safe waters for recreation. Consciously being aware of our impact on waterways helps protect them. We can help in small ways that make a big impact by properly disposing of trash and car fluids, picking up pet waste, and learning sustainable lawn care practices. Looking to our streams, streamside plantings, also referred to as riparian buffers, and streambank stabilization and restoration projects have long lasting roles in protecting our waterways and improving water quality.
Bluegrass Greensource works with a grant from the U.S. EPA under §319(h) of the Clean Water Act to improve the water quality of our local waterways. Coming this March, Bluegrass Greensource is hosting the Saving Our Streambanks Virtual Workshop Series. The series is FREE and open to the public. As an attendee, you will learn the information, tools, and resources needed to establish streamside buffers and stabilize streambanks on your property and in our communities. The series is on Tues/Thurs, March 9th-25th, 2021 from 3-4 PM via ZOOM. Speakers include folks from Roundstone Native Seed, Beaver Creek Hydrology, Oakland Farm Trees, Ironweed Nursery, Bluegrass Greensource, and regional reps from NRCS, Soil and Water Conservation District, and UK Extension Service. Mini cost-share grant applications will be available to those who attend for streamside buffer establishment in the Hinkston Creek watershed in Bourbon, Montgomery, and Nicholas Counties. Grants are reimbursable up to $2,000! Registration, the full workshop schedule, speaker list, and more can be found on the website at bggreensource.org/riparian-buffers/
A streamside, or riparian, buffer is a vegetated strip or zone along a stream that contains a combination of trees, grasses, shrubs, and perennials. Plant roots in the buffer filter out excess nitrogen and phosphorus in the stormwater runoff, as well as, sediment, bacteria and other pollutants. The buffers also help prevent streambank erosion and provide a habitat for various aquatic and terrestrial species. Not only is there an obvious benefit to the water quality of the stream, but a riparian buffer can be very aesthetically pleasing as well. Whenever you go to your favorite park, what can be so enjoyable is the scenery and native plants. Yet, a riparian buffer’s beauty doesn’t have to stop at the park. Bluegrass Greensource, and other organizations, offer cost-share programs and guidance on how to establish your own riparian buffer. Register for the workshop series to learn more!
The benefits of protecting our waterways are endless. From our drinking water, to a location where we can go relax and enjoy time with our families, the maintenance of our watershed is key to the improvement of our quality of living. Recognizing and acting on its importance will help others that live in the watershed, as well as the generations to come that will share the same water source you use today.